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​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​In late elementary, Growth, Development, and Sexual Health is taught in the fifth grade. Students in fifth grade are experiencing many changes with their bodies related to development and puberty. Students at this age may also be developing romantic interest in others or experiencing their first “crush.” The Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS 2019) states, “sexuality education is a lifelong learning process of acquiring information. As young people grow and mature, they need access to accurate information about their sexuality.” Adolescents and even pre-adolescents are developing the attitudes, knowledge, and skills needed to become sexually healthy adults (SIECUS 2019). Providing medically accurate, unbiased information on sexual health to students is important and necessary; therefore, teachers are often motivated to teach development and sexuality education. Teachers and administrators should ensure they have the knowledge, resources, support, and collaborative environment to do so effectively. ​

The Orange County Department of Education does not control or guarantee the accuracy, relevance, timeliness or completeness of this outside information. Further, the inclusion of links to particular items in hypertext are not intended to reflect their importance, nor is it intended to endorse any views expressed or products or services offered on these outside sites, or the organizations sponsoring the sites.​​​​

Information and Resources


GLSEN works to ensure that LGBTQ students are able to learn and grow in a school environment free from bullying and harassment.


Amaze offers fun, informative, animated videos that give students accurate, age-appropriate information about sex, their body and relationships. Check out Amaze Jr. which brings parents age-appropriate sex ed resources about talking to kids ages 4-9 and fun videos to share with your children. ​

Curriculum and Lessons

Rights, Respect, and Responsibility: A K-12 Curriculum

Rights, Respect, Responsibility is an age-appropriate curriculum for Grades K-12 that fully meets the National Sexuality Education Standards and seeks to address both functional knowledge related to sexuality and specific skills necessary to adopt healthy behaviors. ​​

Confident Me - Dove Self-Esteem Project

Confident Me is a set of evidence-informed resources for teachers & educators aimed at 11- to 14-year-olds. Aligned to promote adolescent body confidence, the free downloadable tools are designed to allow teachers and educators to run body confidence workshops. The workshops allow teachers, educators, and students to explore the impact that image ideals portrayed in the media have on young people’s self-esteem. ​

Book List

Grade 4 - 6

Classroom Activities

  • ​Use an anonymous ‘Question Box’ to respond to students' questions on puberty and sexual health in a non-intrusive, objective, supportive, and reassuring way. 
  • Create a hygiene display or kit for students to learn about different products. 
  • Provide age-appropriate health education brochures or fact sheets about the importance of proper hygiene. 
  • ​Create human life cycle cards with pictures and definitions to display in the classroom. 
  • Participate in World AIDS day on December 1st. 
  • Participate in National Latino AIDS Awareness Day on October 15th. 
  •  Participate in National Youth HIV & AIDS Awareness Day on April 10th. ​


​Partnering with the Family​​

​​Partnering with your School​​​

  • ​Encourage school librarians to purchase and make available age-appropriate books on growth and development, puberty, gender, sexuality, and healthy relationships. These books should be inclusive of students of all genders and sexual orientations.​

​​Partnering with your Community​​

  • Create a list of community based organizations and governmental agencies in the community that provide growth, development, and sexual health information and health or social services for students, families, and school staff to use. ​
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